Results

KICS can export results in multiple formats which can be seen on the following list: - JSON (json) - SARIF (sarif) - Gitlab SAST (glsast) - HTML (html)

To export in JSON format in current directory, you can use the following command:

./kics scan -p <path-of-your-project-to-scan> -o ./

To generate in other formats you can use the following command:

./kics scan -p <path-of-your-project-to-scan> --report-formats <formats-wanted> -o ./

KICS also can export multiple format in a single scan, to do this the flags output-path and report-formats should be combined, where the output-path will be the directory containing all report files and report-formats all extensions wanted, like following example:

./kics scan -p <path-of-your-project-to-scan> -o ./output --report-formats "all"

The last command will execute the scan and save all types reports on output folder with results name.

You can also change the default name by using the following command:

./kics scan -p <path-of-your-project-to-scan> -o ./output --report-formats "glsast,html" --output-name kics-result

This will generate an HTML and Gitlab SAST reports on output folder, with kics-result and gl-sast-kics-result names.

Report examples

JSON

The JSON report is the default report to be generate, if no arg is passed to report-formats flag, also you can explicitly use it with --report-format "json". JSON reports are sorted by severity (from high to info) and should looks like as following:

{
    "files_scanned": 2,
    "files_parsed": 2,
    "files_failed_to_scan": 0,
    "queries_total": 253,
    "queries_failed_to_execute": 0,
    "queries_failed_to_compute_similarity_id": 0,
    "queries": [
        {
            "query_name": "Container Allow Privilege Escalation Is True",
            "query_id": "c878abb4-cca5-4724-92b9-289be68bd47c",
            "severity": "MEDIUM",
            "platform": "Terraform",
            "files": [
                {
                    "file_name": "assets/queries/terraform/kubernetes/container_allow_privilege_escalation_is_true/test/positive.tf",
                    "similarity_id": "063ed2389809f5f01ff420b63634700a9545c5e5130a6506568f925cdb0f8e13",
                    "line": 11,
                    "issue_type": "IncorrectValue",
                    "search_key": "kubernetes_pod[test3].spec.container.allow_privilege_escalation",
                    "search_value": "",
                    "expected_value": "Attribute 'allow_privilege_escalation' is undefined or false",
                    "actual_value": "Attribute 'allow_privilege_escalation' is true",
                    "value": null
                }
            ]
        }
    ],
    "scan_id": "console",
    "severity_counters": {
        "HIGH": 0,
        "INFO": 0,
        "LOW": 0,
        "MEDIUM": 1
    },
    "total_counter": 1
}

SARIF

You can export sarif report by using --report-format "sarif". SARIF reports are sorted by severity (from high to info), following SARIF v2.1.0 standard and looks like:

{
    "$schema": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/oasis-tcs/sarif-spec/master/Schemata/sarif-schema-2.1.0.json",
    "version": "2.1.0",
    "runs": [
        {
            "tool": {
                "driver": {
                    "name": "KICS",
                    "version": "1.2.0",
                    "fullName": "Keeping Infrastructure as Code Secure",
                    "informationUri": "https://www.kics.io/",
                    "rules": [
                        {
                            "id": "c878abb4-cca5-4724-92b9-289be68bd47c",
                            "name": "Container Allow Privilege Escalation Is True",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Container Allow Privilege Escalation Is True"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Admission of privileged containers should be minimized"
                            },
                            "defaultConfiguration": {
                                "level": "warning"
                            },
                            "helpUri": "https://registry.terraform.io/providers/hashicorp/kubernetes/latest/docs/resources/pod#allow_privilege_escalation",
                            "relationships": [
                                {
                                    "target": {
                                        "id": "CAT001",
                                        "index": 5,
                                        "toolComponent": {
                                            "name": "Categories",
                                            "guid": "58cdcc6f-fe41-4724-bfb3-131a93df4c3f",
                                            "index": 0
                                        }
                                    }
                                }
                            ]
                        }
                    ]
                }
            },
            "results": [
                {
                    "ruleId": "c878abb4-cca5-4724-92b9-289be68bd47c",
                    "ruleIndex": 0,
                    "kind": "fail",
                    "message": {
                        "text": "Attribute 'allow_privilege_escalation' is true"
                    },
                    "locations": [
                        {
                            "physicalLocation": {
                                "artifactLocation": {
                                    "uri": "assets/queries/terraform/kubernetes/container_allow_privilege_escalation_is_true/test/positive.tf"
                                },
                                "region": {
                                    "startLine": 11
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    ]
                }
            ],
            "taxonomies": [
                {
                    "guid": "58cdcc6f-fe41-4724-bfb3-131a93df4c3f",
                    "name": "Categories",
                    "fullDescription": {
                        "text": "This taxonomy contains the types an issue can assume"
                    },
                    "shortDescription": {
                        "text": "Vulnerabilities categories"
                    },
                    "taxa": [
                        {
                            "id": "CAT000",
                            "name": "Undefined Category",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Category is not defined"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Category is not defined"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT010",
                            "name": "Observability",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Logging and Monitoring"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Logging and Monitoring"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT011",
                            "name": "Resource Management",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Resource and privilege limit configuration"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Resource and privilege limit configuration"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT012",
                            "name": "Secret Management",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Secret and Key management"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Secret and Key management"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT013",
                            "name": "Supply-Chain",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Dependency version management"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Dependency version management"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT001",
                            "name": "Access Control",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Service permission and identity management"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Service permission and identity management"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT004",
                            "name": "Best Practices",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Metadata management"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Metadata management"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT005",
                            "name": "Build Process",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Insecure configurations when building/deploying Docker images"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Insecure configurations when building/deploying Docker images"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT007",
                            "name": "Insecure Configurations",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Configurations which expose the application unnecessarily"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Configurations which expose the application unnecessarily"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT009",
                            "name": "Networking and Firewall",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Network port exposure and firewall configuration"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Network port exposure and firewall configuration"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT002",
                            "name": "Availability",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Reliability and Scalability"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Reliability and Scalability"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT003",
                            "name": "Backup",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Survivability and Recovery"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Survivability and Recovery"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT006",
                            "name": "Encryption",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Data Security and Encryption configuration"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Data Security and Encryption configuration"
                            }
                        },
                        {
                            "id": "CAT008",
                            "name": "Insecure Defaults",
                            "shortDescription": {
                                "text": "Configurations that are insecure by default"
                            },
                            "fullDescription": {
                                "text": "Configurations that are insecure by default"
                            }
                        }
                    ]
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}

Gitlab SAST

You can export html report by using --report-format "glsast". Gitlab SAST reports are sorted by severity (from high to info), following Gitlab SAST Report scheme, also, the generated file will have a prefix gl-sast- as recommendend by Gitlab docs and looks like:

{
    "schema": "https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/security-products/security-report-schemas/-/raw/v13.1.0/dist/sast-report-format.json",
    "version": "13.1.0",
    "scan": {
        "start_time": "2021-05-26T17:22:13",
        "end_time": "2021-05-26T17:22:13",
        "status": "success",
        "type": "sast",
        "scanner": {
            "id": "keeping-infrastructure-as-code-secure",
            "name": "Keeping Infrastructure as Code Secure",
            "url": "https://www.kics.io/",
            "version": "development",
            "vendor": {
                "name": "Checkmarx"
            }
        }
    },
    "vulnerabilities": [
        {
            "id": "32e763ac363dfee1ea972d951fb3de00f5f7a8d3f9f57b93e55e2d51957794a6",
            "category": "sast",
            "severity": "High",
            "cve": "32e763ac363dfee1ea972d951fb3de00f5f7a8d3f9f57b93e55e2d51957794a6",
            "scanner": {
                "id": "keeping_infrastructure_as_code_secure",
                "name": "Keeping Infrastructure as Code Secure"
            },
            "name": "Container Is Privileged",
            "message": "Do not allow container to be privileged.",
            "links": [
                {
                    "url": "https://registry.terraform.io/providers/hashicorp/kubernetes/latest/docs/resources/pod#privileged"
                }
            ],
            "location": {
                "file": "assets/queries/terraform/kubernetes/container_is_privileged/test/positive.tf",
                "start_line": 8,
                "end_line": 8
            },
            "identifiers": [
                {
                    "type": "kics",
                    "name": "Keeping Infrastructure as Code Secure",
                    "url": "https://docs.kics.io/latest/queries/terraform-queries",
                    "value": "87065ef8-de9b-40d8-9753-f4a4303e27a4"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "32e763ac363dfee1ea972d951fb3de00f5f7a8d3f9f57b93e55e2d51957794a6",
            "category": "sast",
            "severity": "High",
            "cve": "32e763ac363dfee1ea972d951fb3de00f5f7a8d3f9f57b93e55e2d51957794a6",
            "scanner": {
                "id": "keeping_infrastructure_as_code_secure",
                "name": "Keeping Infrastructure as Code Secure"
            },
            "name": "Container Is Privileged",
            "message": "Do not allow container to be privileged.",
            "links": [
                {
                    "url": "https://registry.terraform.io/providers/hashicorp/kubernetes/latest/docs/resources/pod#privileged"
                }
            ],
            "location": {
                "file": "assets/queries/terraform/kubernetes/container_is_privileged/test/positive.tf",
                "start_line": 8,
                "end_line": 8
            },
            "identifiers": [
                {
                    "type": "kics",
                    "name": "Keeping Infrastructure as Code Secure",
                    "url": "https://docs.kics.io/latest/queries/terraform-queries",
                    "value": "87065ef8-de9b-40d8-9753-f4a4303e27a4"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "3d4f14f3ac2ebc0d2cb1710eec4f61fae359fe78ab244cb716485cb6c90846f6",
            "category": "sast",
            "severity": "High",
            "cve": "3d4f14f3ac2ebc0d2cb1710eec4f61fae359fe78ab244cb716485cb6c90846f6",
            "scanner": {
                "id": "keeping_infrastructure_as_code_secure",
                "name": "Keeping Infrastructure as Code Secure"
            },
            "name": "Container Is Privileged",
            "message": "Do not allow container to be privileged.",
            "links": [
                {
                    "url": "https://registry.terraform.io/providers/hashicorp/kubernetes/latest/docs/resources/pod#privileged"
                }
            ],
            "location": {
                "file": "assets/queries/terraform/kubernetes/container_is_privileged/test/positive.tf",
                "start_line": 108,
                "end_line": 108
            },
            "identifiers": [
                {
                    "type": "kics",
                    "name": "Keeping Infrastructure as Code Secure",
                    "url": "https://docs.kics.io/latest/queries/terraform-queries",
                    "value": "87065ef8-de9b-40d8-9753-f4a4303e27a4"
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}

HTML

You can export html report by using --report-format "html". HTML reports are sorted by severity (from high to info), the results will have query information, a list of files which vulnerability was found and a code snippet where the problem was detected as you can see in following example:

Exit Status Code

Results Status Code

Code Description
0 No Results were Found
50 Found any HIGH Results
40 Found any MEDIUM Results
30 Found any LOW Results
20 Found any INFO Results

Error Status Code

Code Description
126 Engine Error
130 Signal-Interrupt